At last night’s panel discussion of Walt Disney’s animated classic, “Peter Pan” (1953) (the new blu-ray version is now playing at Hollywood’s El Capitan Theatre), we learned about the film’s core group of animators. Walt Disney jokingly referred to this crew not as “Pan-imators,” but rather as his “Nine Old Men.”
The expression puns on a way of referring to the Supreme Court before the advent of Sandra Day O’Connor. The joke stuck, in great part because the animators were all young guys in their 30s and 40s.
Ted Thomas (son of Frank, one of the Nine Old Men) shared with the audience his feeling that his childhood had been special, growing up in the magic circle of the creative folk who clustered around Disney Studios.
Omitted from the conversation (granted it was not intended as a comprehensive presentation) was an artist who provided color schemes and other key conceptual input to her male colleagues.
Her name was Mary Blair, and her “Peter Pan” credit is as the film’s “color stylist.”
Blair had a humongous career and influence at Disney, putting her beautiful eye and hand to “Saludos Amigos” (1942) and “The Three Caballeros” (1944). She did the concept designs for “Cinderella” (1950), “Alice in Wonderland” (1951), and “Peter Pan” (1953). She also designed the Fantasyland boat ride “It’s a Small World.”
[The Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences honored Blair in 2011. Susan King wrote about the event in the Los Angeles Times.]
Dance writer Mindy Aloff in her marvelous “Hippo in a Tutu” (Disney editions, 2008), which analyzes and celebrates dance in the Disney studio’s work, shares Blair’s preliminary sketches for “Peter Pan”‘s Indian dance in her book.
Blair’s rendering of Indians avoids the cliched “red” skin. (The film eventually adopted that color scheme; indeed, a little boy sitting behind me gasped, “red skins!” when the Indians came on screen.) Blair, by contrast, in her sketches goes an entirely different direction. Her dancing Indians are surreal: purple-skinned, smiling figures who shimmy in the glow of a green moon. So here we have a lady who saw color unlike the rest of us.
Wondering if works by Mary Blair were included in Pacific Standard Time…
Enjoy Mary Blair’s dedicated website here.
Mary Blair images, photographer Lee Blair, care of the magic of mary blair, wikipedia.
Nope, Mary Blair wasn’t mentioned anywhere in PST, but she should have been. Besides working for Disney, she and her artist husband Lee Blair were part of the California Watercolor School (Millard Sheets was probably the most famous member) in the 30s, 40s, 50s. And there were many links between Disney and these artists — evidence of Disney’s serious intent for animated film. Thanks for this posting, Debra.